If You Are Going To Buy A Car, Do It Right!

buy carThe fundamental law of supply and demand reigns supreme. When supply is much higher than demand, it’s a buyer’s market. For savvy auto buyers, with a little patience, good values should appear as the 2017 model year winds down.

While on vacation in Indiana, my regular lunch time walk to the local hamburger haven included a short cut through the sales lot of two large dealerships. They are loaded with inventory; balloons, sales stickers, and banners are everywhere. I love the sign in an $88,000 SUV, “Free car washes for life!”

I noticed one thing missing – CUSTOMERS!

Since the 2009 crash, loose lending standards caused auto sales to climb steadily, until recently.

Buy Car

Auto sales are declining. The Truth About Cars published May sales results:

“…May 2016 sales had fallen 6 percent compared with May 2015 levels.

…The auto industry is in a general state of decline in the United States. …Sales have now declined, year-over-year, in five consecutive months.”

It’s now six months as the Detroit Free Press tells us: “…Chrysler …announced its sales fell 7% in June while sales also fell 5.1% for Ford and 4.7% for General Motors.”

Inventories are rising. The Truth About Cars also reports “Domestic Automakers’ Inventories Soar Past 100 Days’ Supply.”

Incentive spending is on the rise. Bloomberg reports:

“Incentive spending reached a May record of $3,583 per vehicle on average during the beginning of the month, according to J.D. Power.

…Slower sales have saddled automakers with too much inventory and precipitated bigger discounts…”

Production layoffs followed. The Drive.com reports:

“…Ford has laid off 130 workers from its Avon Lake, Ohio truck plant. …The plant is slowing production to …match a decrease in demand.”

GM joins in. CNN Money reports:

“This is the fifth time that GM has eliminated a shift of work at a U.S. plant since last November, eliminating a total of about 5,000 jobs.

…About 700 of the GM workers …are expected to get their jobs back next year as GM ramps up production once again.”

Loan defaults are rising. Wolf Richter, who coined the term “#Carmageddon”, tells us:

“Subprime Auto-Loan Backed Securities from 2015 on track to be Worst Ever.

Institutional investors that manage other people’s money grabbed subprime auto-loan backed securities because of their slightly higher yields.

…Those issued in 2015 may end up the worst performing ever in the history of auto-loan securitizations, Fitch warned.

And then there are those issued in 2016. They haven’t had time to curdle.”

Lenders are tightening standards. With delinquencies rising, and the Fed raising rates, lenders are becoming more selective. Bloomberg tells us:

“With both bad loans and interest rates on the rise, financial institutions are becoming more selective in doling out credit for new-car purchases, adding to the pressure for automakers already up against the wall with sliding sales, swelling inventories and a used-car glut.”

The combination of slower sales, rising inventories, tougher lending standards, higher incentive spending and the end of the model year will provide savvy buyers a great buying opportunity.

Most people HATE to buy cars. Like it or not, getting a fair deal (not overpaying) requires buyers to do their homework and be good negotiators. Both new and good used cars are expensive. Taking you time and doing your homework can save you thousands of dollars.

Some car buying tips!

If you owe more on your current vehicle than it is worth, keep driving it.

Wolf Richter tells us:

“Negative equity hits all-time record. The average negative equity in vehicles that were traded in for new vehicles during Q1 2017 has reached $5,195 per trade, the highest ever, according to Edmunds data. The percentage of trade-ins with negative equity has surged to 32.8%, also the highest ever!”

Edmunds.com has a nifty car depreciation calculator. The minute you drive a vehicle off the lot you lose 9% of the True Market Value (TMV). At the end of the first year, Edmunds estimates the TMV drops to 81%. It’s no wonder so many car loans are upside down.

Trading in a vehicle with negative equity compounds the buyer’s debt problem. Digging out from under these debts can take decades. DON’T DO IT! Don’t even think about it….

Handle each variable independently. The three main variables are the trade in value of your current automobile, price of the vehicle you want to buy and cost of financing. Handle them in that order.

What’s your trade in worth? Check the Kelly Blue Book website before going to the dealer. Click the tab, “Check My Car’s Value.” This should give you a realistic guideline. One personal tip. KBB asks about the “vehicle condition”. Be conservative, go one step below what you feel is the condition of your vehicle. The KBB estimate should be the minimum you accept for your trade in unless the dealer has facts to refute your position.

How do you really know what the dealer is allowing for a trade? INSIST on negotiating each item separately. Start with the value of your trade in. The dealer may say it depends on what type car you are buying and that’s OK. Tell them what you want to buy. Then agree on the value of your vehicle.

Should you sell your car outright? The Kelly Blue Book provides guidelines about pricing your car fairly. If you have the time, sometimes it is a good alternative.

Don’t forget to factor in the sales tax? When you buy a car, most states tax the net amount due. If your state has an 8% sales tax, sell your car outright for at least 8% more than the trade in value; otherwise it is better to trade it in.

Do your homework on new car incentives. While dealers like to advertise great incentives, they vary by vehicle. The more the manufacturer/dealer wants to move the car, the higher the incentive. Check the fine print. Many incentives may refer to students, veterans or those trading in a vehicle from the same manufacturer.

Here are links to the Edmunds.com and Kelly Blue Book up to date incentive information.

Buy CarSome incentives are bogus. I took this photo on my lunch time walk. While they may promote 0% financing, and the contract may spell it out – don’t be fooled.

The $88,000 SUV offered a choice between a $3,000 cash discount or 0% financing. If you want 0%, you overpay by $3,000.

The company that writes the loan will resell it as part of a package to investors. While the note says 0%, fees are passed along when the note is resold. The cost of money is included in the price, it’s just hidden from the buyer.

Determine the selling price of the vehicle you want to buy. After you have determined the value of your trade, ask the dealer what is the lowest price they would accept for the vehicle you like if you were paying cash for it. You can use the Kelly Blue Book guide to determine what a reasonable price is.

Don’t be in any hurry. Expect the salesperson to press you, “What will it take for you to buy today?” Your answer is “Give me your best price, and then I will decide if I need to visit some other dealers.” You have options and they have competition. They are highly incentivized to extract as much money from each buyer as possible. Your job is to be sure you do not overpay.

Never talk in terms of monthly payments. Discussing monthly payments is one of the biggest sucker lines going. A buyer who says, “I have to keep my monthly payments under $xxx”, is making a huge mistake. The salesperson will counter with, “If we keep your payments under that number, will we do business?” Many uneducated buyers end up overpaying for the vehicle with 6-7 year loans keeping the payments down. They can easily get upside down in the loan starting a chain of never ending automobile debt.

Shop financing. After you have agreed upon the price of your trade, and the vehicle you want to buy, then determine the best way to pay for it. Shop financing with your local bank or credit union. Check interest rates and fees associated with the loan.

Calculate the net price of the vehicle, then determine the payments. If they are too high, or for too many months, you can’t afford the vehicle. Buy something cheaper!

Read the contract. I had a dealer present a contract that included a “Dealer Fee – $250”. I said, “I didn’t agree to that.” He said, “Everybody has to pay the dealer fee.” My response was, “We agreed to a net price before taxes so reduce the price of the vehicle or increase my trade in allowance by $250.” I was halfway out the door before they agreed to make the change. I wonder how many unsuspecting buyers got nailed for an additional $250 because they didn’t read the contract.

Depreciation is the largest single cost of an automobile. After four years your car is worth approximately half what you paid for it. Buying a good, low mileage used car may provide an economical alternative.

The best way to take advantage of the buyer’s market is to do your homework and negotiate well! Good hunting!

On the Lighter Side

I hope everyone enjoyed their July 4th holiday and many of you found time to read last week’s article concerning The Declaration of Independence. The line about “the consent of the governed” really hit home. What is it about politicians that choose to govern against the will of the majority?

Readers may remember a couple of items in the Contract with America that gave Republicans control of the House of Representatives in 1994. Here are a couple of the promises:

  • Require all laws that apply to the rest of the country also apply equally to the Congress.
  • A first-ever vote on term limits to replace career politicians with citizen legislators.

Polls still show the vast majority of the public are in favor of these issues. Somehow they never seem to get out of a senate committee.

It’s no wonder politicians’ rate lower on the credibility scale than the used car salespeople we wrote about this week.

And finally…

Friend Tom G. sent me some “Petrol Pump Wisdom”. They appeared at a gas station in Johannesburg:

Wisdom Humor

Wisdom Humor

And my favorite…

Wisdom Humor

Until next time…

7 comments

  • Phil C.

    Dennis,
    Very good article on vehicle purchases. Also like the new format of the site.

    • Dennis Miller

      Dear Phil,

      Thanks for the nice feedback. While our site is FREE, I am hoping our readers will save some money and forward the article to many friends.

      Best regards,
      Dennis Miller

  • Alex

    Dennis,

    Enjoyed the facts of the article. Too many vehicles are being sold to those who can’t pay before their payments end. Payments just roll over and over and are harder to catch up. Thank you for SSR’s..

    Pretty soon it’ll be Hot August Nights! Can’t make it this year ourselves. Did squeeze in a Vegas weekend though!

    Alex & Cheryl

  • Hello Mr. Miller. This is the very first time I have ever read one of your articles or visited your site. A link to this article was posted on The Burning Platform blog. That’s how I found you. Anyway, I spent many many years in the car business, both as a nationally recognized top car salesman, and later as an F&I Manager. What you wrote in this article is just simple common sense. I agree with all of it. I spent my career educating consumers to the facts you have presented, and if any particular prospect was not able to buy a vehicle during our first meeting (for any number of reasons), I always encouraged them to visit Jeff Ostroff’s excellent free site https://www.carbuyingtips.com/ , and to read all of the applicable articles there before coming back to me for another visit. How sad that the vast majority of consumers were too disinterested to do any research before purchasing; as most assumed that their car buying experience would be adversarial, and that they were just going to end up getting screwed. Unfortunately most of the screwing that customers experienced was at their own hands, by their own doing vis-a-vie their lack of research or knowledge.

    • Dennis Miller

      Dear Fred,

      Thank you for the great feedback. I spent the better part of 40 years teaching negotiations for top corporations around the world. I totally agree with you.

      At today’s prices, doing your homework is a must. Buyer’s don’t need to get emotional or bent out of shape (although I admit I was once told by a salesman my trade in was a piece of junk!). I found the top sales people in business, no matter what their product or service, have learned that repeat business is what helps them grow. The auto salespeople who do well are not interested in selling one car, they are interested in creating a customer. As you well know, you do that by treating them fairly and respectfully.

      Welcome aboard! I hope you enjoy my free weekly articles and also take advantage of the reports we offer.

      Best regards,
      Dennis

  • Great article! We just recently bought a “new” used 2015 Mazda 6 that had been a trade-in at a dealership in a very wealthy area. With the clientele at this dealership and what they normally sell, they just wanted to get rid of this thing. Great news for us! We paid cash, making the deal sweeter. But the one thing that helped us the most? We bought it on the last day of June; most car salesmen are scrambling to get rid of inventory and increase their personal quotas. We hang on to cars in our family until they die, but when we are eventually in the market again, we will always try to time it for an end-of-month purchase.

    • Dennis Miller

      Dear Camille,

      Thanks for taking the time to write. It is much appreciated.

      Your advice is timely for sure. Buying used cars is a challenge; particularly when it comes to trying to determine what their lowest price really is.

      Please feel free to forward the article to anyone you choose. We are trying to build up our readership so we can continue to keep it FREE.

      Best regards,
      Dennis